What are Annual Compliances?
All the benefits of a private limited company, such as the ability to raise capital easily and accommodate shareholders, come at the cost of increased compliance.
While the majority of small businesses do not fulfil their compliance requirements in their opening years, they end up paying heavy penalties (up to Rs. 1 lakh a year) for failing to do so. In the worst scenario, such companies and their directors are even blacklisted for a short period of time.
What are Annual Filings?
Limited liability partnerships (LLPs) have very few compliances to fulfil, in comparison to private limited companies. LLPs need only file information related to statement of accounts and annual returns on an annual basis. Penalties, however, are huge for failure to comply. Entities that don't end up doing so could be fined heavily, with penalties going up to Rs. 5 lakh in some cases.
Increase in Authorised Capital
The maximum number of shares a private limited company can issue is decided by its authorised capital. Most start-ups start their journey with the minimum authorised capital of Rs. 1 lakh, but this is too little as the business grows. To issue new shares or raise the capital a company is authorised to raise, the capital clause of the Memorandum of Association needs to be amended by passing a special resolution of the board. If, at this point, you may also need shares to be issued to existing promoters or new shareholders.